Zoology, sometimes spelt as zoölogy, is the branch of biology that studies the animal kingdom, including the structure, embryology, evolution, classification, habits, and distribution of all animals (both living and extinct), and how they interact with their ecosystems. A person who studies zoology is called a zoologist or a zookeeper. The term zoology can also refer to the use of animals in research.

Master of Science in Zoology: Admission, Career, and Scope Guidelines in Pakistan

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History of Zoology

Zoology is the branch of biology that deals with the animal kingdom, including the structure, embryology, evolution, classification, habits, and distribution of all animals. The term is derived from the Greek words zōon (ζῷον), meaning animal, and logos (λόγος), meaning knowledge. It was first used as an English word by Richard Owen in 1843. An individual who studies this field may be called a zoologist or simply a biologist. Professional research for zoologists is usually done within the fields of ecology, systematics, ethology, developmental physiology, evolutionary genetics, behavioural ecology and biophysics.

Overview of MS programs in zoology

A Master of Science (MS) degree in zoology is a research-based degree that can lead to exciting careers in the field of animal science. In Pakistan, MS programs in zoology are offered at various universities. The admission requirements for these programs vary but generally include holding a bachelor’s degree in zoology or a related field.

Thesis track vs. Non-thesis track programs

If you’re considering pursuing a Master of Science in Zoology, you may be wondering what the difference is between thesis and non-thesis programs. Both types of programs require you to complete coursework and conduct research, but the thesis track also requires you to write and defend a research paper. The non-thesis track may have more coursework requirements, but it can be more flexible when it comes to choosing your courses. Ultimately, the decision between these two types of programs depends on your goals and interests.

Eligibility Conditions:

Masters programs in zoology are research-based programs that typically require two years of full-time study to complete. In order to be accepted into a program, you will need to have completed an undergraduate degree in zoology or a related field with a strong academic record. Along with meeting these eligibility criteria, you should be skilled in analytical thinking and able to process scientific data and stats.

Developing and presenting research results requires strong written and verbal communication skills, as well as an understanding of information technology and the ability to work independently and collaboratively. It is essential for one to have solid project management skills, to coordinate and execute research projects, and above all, to have a sense of coexistence in harmony with other species.

Admission Process:

Admission to the M.Sc. Zoology course is determined by a combination of points earned at graduation or rank obtained in the entrance exam. The deserving students are admitted to reputed M.Sc Zoology colleges based on the rank secured in the entrance exam at the institute, university, or state level exam conducted by various bodies.

Syllabus Of M.Sc Zoology:

You are probably interested in knowing the syllabus of the M.Sc Zoology course. The two years full-time M.Sc Zoology course has been divided into four semesters of six months each. 

In M.Sc Zoology Semester-1, you will study subjects like-

 • Ecological theories and applications

• Genetics and Genetic Engineering

• Parasites and Immunity

• Structure and Functions of Non-chordates

• Tissue structure Function & Chemistry

• Laboratory course

 Whereas, M.Sc Zoology Semester-2 consists of Subjects like-

• Biochemistry and Molecular biology

• Cell and Receptor Biology

• Comparative Animal Physiology

• Endocrinology and Neuroscience

• Structure & Functions of Chordates 

• Laboratory course

M.Sc Zoology Semester-3 usually consists of Subjects like-

• Development and Differentiation

• Evolution and Animal Behavior

• Taxonomy and Biodiversity

• Laboratory course

• Elective-I Theory & Practical

 In M.Sc Zoology Semester-4 you study Subjects like-

• Biotechnology and Applications

• Biostatistics, Bioinformatics, and Instrumentation

• Conservation Biology and Wildlife

• Laboratory course i.e., module-1

• Elective-II Theory & Practical, and

• Seminar and Dissertation or Review

Top M.Sc Zoology institutes of Pakistan:

Here are some of the Top M.Sc Zoology schools in Pakistan. If you are looking for some of the best public universities, you can go for

  • University Of Sindh        Jamshoro
  • University Of Karachi      Karachi
  • University Of Agriculture  Faisalabad
  • University Of Gujrat        Gujrat
  • Gomal University  D.i. Khan
  • University Of Malakand  Chakdara
  • Abbottabad University Of Science And Technology      Abbottabad
  • Women University Azad Jammu & Kashmir         Bagh
  • Lahore College For Women University       Lahore
  • Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan Mardan
  • University Of Peshawar    Peshawar
  • Sardar Bahadur Khan Women’s University    Quetta

Fee Structure Of M.Sc Zoology:

The fee for an M.Sc. in Zoology course varies based on what kind of institution is providing it and the level of their reputation. The M.Sc. course from a government institute, for example, could cost between 40,000 rupees to 80,000 rupees per year. Whereas at private institutions the price of the same course can cost up to 1-1.5 lakh rupees per year. Read the prospectus of your desired institute before applying as pricing is always subject to change.

Job Opportunities:

With knowledge of the animal sciences, skill to conduct lab techniques, and an eagerness for fieldwork, an M.Sc in Zoology is a strong degree that provides ample opportunity to apply it to a variety of careers, such as academia, government, multinational companies, and more. Once you obtain your degree, you may use it to study any animal field you wish. Within the private sector, jobs can be found at Many nutrition companies that produce animal food products, pharmaceutical companies that produce animal medicine or vaccines, and more.

Some possible areas of employment are the medical laboratory, fisheries, aquaculture, museum services, hatcheries, agriculture, the forest department, scientific civil services, herpetology, forensics, etc. Employment areas are comprised of institutions of higher education, zoos and national parks, the agricultural sector, food parks, and botanical research facilities.

The multidisciplinary stream may even help you gain entry into the media sector, “zoology”. You can look for positions with companies such as Animal Planet, National Geographic, Discovery, etc. People who are constantly looking for Zoologists for research and documentation. Therefore, those who hold an M.Sc Zoology degree have various employment opportunities.

 As you can work as

• Animal Trainer

• Associate and Wildlife Researcher

• Conservation Officer

• Ecologist

• Environment Consultant

• Field Trials Officer

• Zoologist

• Zookeeper and

• Wildlife Educator 

• Educationist etc. 

 Some of the top recruiters that you can think of joining after completing your M.Sc Zoology degree are-

• Animal Husbandry Department of various state and Central Governments.

• Various Institutes providing Zoology courses.

• Wildlife and Animal Research Centre

• Zoos and Wildlife Sanctuaries

• Media barons like Animal Planet, National Geographic, Discovery, etc.

Pay Packages:

Now, the most eagerly asked question and that question is what are the expected pay packages or salary after doing the M.Sc Zoology course. The average starting salary of a Master of Science in Zoology degree holder can vary somewhere between 6 to 8 Lakhs annually. However, one who has relevant industry experience and skills can expect to earn up to 10 Lakhs annually. The salary structure also depends on the company that hires a candidate. In the government sector, the salary depends upon the Pay scales prevailing in the particular department of the state or central government.

What you can do with this degree?

With a Master of Science in Zoology, you can pursue a career as a zoologist or wildlife biologist. With this degree, you will be able to work in research, conservation, and education. You will also be able to work in zoos and aquariums. As a zoologist, you may find opportunities with organizations like the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) or the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). As an example, the WWF is an organization that conducts scientific surveys and promotes the protection of endangered species. If your interest is more about teaching, then consider working for government agencies like the National Park Service or non-profit organizations like Friends of Rotary Nature Center.

Advantages of having an MS degree in zoology?

There are many advantages to having an MS degree in zoology. First, it can lead to exciting and well-paying careers in the field of zoology. Second, an MS degree can provide you with the opportunity to teach at the college level. Third, an MS degree can give you the chance to conduct research and contribute new knowledge to the field of zoology. Fourth, an MS degree can help you obtain leadership positions in zoological organizations.

Conclusion:

In conclusion, if you are interested in pursuing a career in zoology or animal sciences, the best path is to get a master’s degree in zoology. The scope of the study for this degree is very broad, encompassing many different aspects of animal life. Admission requirements vary depending on the university you choose, but generally speaking, you will need to have an undergraduate degree in biology or a related field.